Best 🌱 Environmental Pollution Essay In English 2023

The environment is constantly getting polluted due to which our future is also in danger. It will be easier to deal with the problem of environmental pollution if all humans living on the earth become aware of it.

So, You are ready to read small and big essay related to environmental pollution, in which speech on environmental pollution and World Environment Pollution Day is also mentioned. We have written environmental pollution essays based on different word limits, which is useful for both school and college students.

Environmental Pollution Essay
Environmental Pollution Essay

Short Essay On Environmental Pollution 4 Lines

  1. A healthy ecosystem for the protection of all living things is utterly necessary.
  2. Digital media are a reliable source of knowledge about environmental risks.
  3. We should use and encourage others to use products of recyclable materials.
  4. For any living being, we must consider the use of flora.

Environmental Pollution Essay In English 50 Words

  1. A healthy ecosystem for the protection of all living things is utterly necessary.
  2. Government and public action to reduce environmental pollution should be taken promptly and on time.
  3. National strategies will be drawn up to mitigate the environmental consequences of industrialization, manufacturing and other operations.
  4. Digital media are a reliable source of knowledge about environmental risks.
  5. Stringent legislation against plastics can play a crucial role in saving the environment by designing and enforcing it.

Paragraph On Environmental Pollution In 100 Words

The word pollution was derived from the Latin word pollution, which means to make dirty. Pollution is the process of making the environment pollute the water and the air by adding harmful substances.

Pollution causes an imbalance in the environment. This imbalance threatened the very survival of all forms of life. It’s a threat to the whole world.

India ranks at the bottom of the 125 of the 132 countries in the 2012 Environmental Performance Index.

This report is produced by researchers at Yale and Columbia University in association with the World Economic Forum.

Pollution of the environment is a serious problem of industrialized societies. Industrial development and the green revolution have had a negative impact on the environment. 

We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us.

Environmental Pollution Essay In English 120 Words

Environment Pollution is the destruction of the environment. That is, the means of which our environment is corrupted due to which our environment corrupted. Before this, due to its impact on humans and natural world, we have to know and understand about it.

Main Types Of Environmental Pollutants- Air pollution, water pollution, thermal pollution, soil pollution and light pollution. Gradually the population of the world is growing, due to which people are cutting forests to make homes. Due to deforestation in these past 10-15 years, there have been many types of hazardous gas emissions in the earth. 

Nature provides a free lunch,
but only if we control our appetites.

We live in such a beautiful planet Earth, the only planet where there is environment and life. One of the best ways to keep the environment clean is to keep water and air clean.

But in today’s day, man has been doing all his work on the contrary, whose biggest pollution is in front of our eyes.

We have to understand that if we want to save the earth, then we have to thake stern steps so that we can save our environment from contamination.

Environmental Pollution Essay In English 150 Words 12th Class

Our environment is affecting day by day due to pollution. There are various types of pollution like water pollution, soil pollution, air pollution, land pollution, etc.

Pollution is destroying nature. Some are man-made pollution while others are natural pollution. The smoke that is emitted from the chimneys of the factories, from vehicles is the mixture of poisonous gases.

Due to environmental pollution, the worst sufferers are the plants and animals. They are extinct every day.  No flora and fauna are safe here.

Some animals are already in the list of endangered species. Due to water pollution, the Marine species are also dying.

All things are bound together,
All things connect.

The temperature is increasing and global warming is also increasing. The only way to eradicate environmental pollution is to plant many trees.

By planting trees, we can get rid of many harmful poisonous gases. If the earth becomes green again, then pollution can be reduced and we will breathe the fresh air.

The only way we can get rid of environmental pollution is to plant more and more trees. We all dream of a beautiful home, our nation too dreams of a beautiful environment.

World Environment Day Essay For Class 3 (200 Words)

World Environment Day is celebrated every year on 5th June worldwide. This was started in 1972 by the United Nations General Assembly to uphold global awareness on environmental issues.

This campaign has been started to inspire the environment to take positive steps for the protection of the nature of this planet (earth).

This campaign was announced at the beginning of the United Nations Human Environment Conference. It is operated by the United Nations Environment Program.

On the occasion of World Environment Day Program of 2015, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi planted his official residence (7, Race Course Road, New Delhi) on the garden.

We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors,
we borrow it from our children.

The main objective of this campaign is to promote awareness and encouragement to the people through participation in this program of media and celebrities.

The Goodwill Ambassador of the United Nations Environment Program sent messages around the world to participate in World Environment Day.

This campaign is an invitation to add a large number of people to this program, so that people can understand the real state of the environment and become environmental representatives who are able to overcome climate change with effective programs against adverse environmental impact.

We should be involved in this program for a better future and we must promise to keep our environment safe. This (World Environment Day) also promotes change in the perception of people towards the environment to create a secure future. 

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Environmental Pollution Essay In English

Environmental Pollution Essay In English 250 Words


The environment forms a very important aspect of human life because that is where we find the essentials of life e.g., air, water and food. Due to global industrialization and modernization, there has been environmental pollution.

The environmental pollution has greatly affected the quality of life for animals, plants and humans. Hazardous effects including diseases that have emerged as a result of environmental pollution.

Environmental pollution is basically the contamination of environment’s nature in both physical and biological systems which affects the normal functioning of the environment.

Types and Causes of Environmental Pollution

The types of environmental pollution are specific to causes and components of the environment. Environmental pollution is classified into groups depending on the natural components as follows, air pollution, noise pollution, soil pollution and water pollution.

The contaminants of the environment are called pollutants. The main pollutants are industries because industries emit harmful gases in the atmosphere, which cause air pollution, industrial effluents are also discharged into water bodies causing water pollution.

Other pollutants include smoke from combustion, greenhouse gasses emission e.g., carbon dioxide which is high in India.

Effects of Environmental Pollution

Environmental pollution has been a challenge in India. The adverse effects are specific to the type of pollution although some may cut across.

Air pollution has resulted in harm to human health and destruction of the ozone layers in the atmosphere. Water pollution has caused death of aquatic life and acidification.

Soil pollution has resulted in unhealthy soil i.e., unbalanced soil pH which does not favor plant growth. India has struggled with challenges of environmental pollution.


Environmental pollution has become a great concern to save our planet. We need to adapt various measures to reduce environment pollution.

Some of them includes planting trees, reducing the use of non-renewable resources, proper disposal of wastes, etc. It is the responsibility of every individual to save our environment from getting polluted.

Water and air,
the two essential fluids on which all life depends,
have become global garbage cans.

Essay On Environmental Pollution In 300 Words (Environmental Pollution Essay In English)


We should treat the environment of our earth like our mother. It also nurtures us. If the climate gets polluted then, how can we survive?

Earth provides us so many natural resources for our health and growth. But, as time is passing, we are becoming more selfish and keep on polluting our environment.

We do not know that if our environment gets more polluted then, it will ultimately affect our health and future too. It will not be possible for us to survive on earth easily.

Speech on environment pollution

Environmental pollution includes two terms, namely, environment and pollution. In simple words, environment means all what does exist, our surroundings and that affects and influences the survival, growth, and development of organisms.

In other words, environment means aggregate of surrounding things. Pollution means the presence of dangerous unnatural ingredients causing imbalance in the ecosystem and health hazards to human beings and animals.

Effect of Environmental Pollution on Health

It is unnecessary to tell that environmental pollution has ruined and spread its toxic tentacles inside the basic needs of human, i.e., water, food, air, and soil. It affects our inhaling, drinking, and eating. It also damages the health of animals along with humans.

Various things pollute the air like gaseous releases from motor vehicle ignitions and industries, burning fossil fuels inside the air, etc.

The solid industrial waste, oil spills, plastic dumps, and city garbage that thrown into the water pollutes the river and oceans. Similarly, inorganic procedures of agriculture destroy the fertility of the soil.

As you know that water is used for drinking, the soil used for producing food, and the air is used for breathing, all of these three contaminated elements insert their pollutants inside the body of human and result in diseases.

The diseases that occur due to environmental pollution consist of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, lung cancer, skin cancer, lead poisoning, cardiovascular diseases and stroke, radiation augmented cancers, mercury poisoning, congenital disabilities, allergies, lung diseases owing to occupational exposure to numerous toxin and many more. The list is unending.

Forms of Environmental Pollution

There are many various forms of environmental pollution including water, air, radioactive, soil, heat, noise and light. For every form of pollution, there are two sources of pollution, the non point and the point sources.

It is very easy to monitor, indentify and control the point sources of pollution while the non-point pollution sources are quite difficult and hard to control.


Our earth is moving on the way to unhealthy future for every living being. So, we must become aware of the factors that pollute our environment and take some necessary steps to keep our future safe and healthy.

The activist is not the man who says the river is dirty,
The activist is the man who cleans up the river.

Environmental Pollution Essay 400 Words


The presence of a substance in the environment which can be harmful to human beings, plants or animals is what we call as a pollutant and this occurrence is called environmental pollution.

Environmental pollution is one of the most discussed, researched as well as ignored and abused by all of us in today’s age.

We already know a lot about it, yet we intend to do very little to control it. Perhaps we have not yet felt the direct impact it has already had on our lives. 

Environment day

World Environment Day (WED) is celebrated on 5 June every year, and is the United Nations’ principal vehicle for encouraging awareness and action for the protection of the environment. First held in 1974, it has been a flagship campaign for raising awareness on environmental issues emerging from marine pollution, human overpopulation, and global warming, to sustainable consumption and wildlife crime.

World Environment Day has grown to become a global platform for public outreach, with participation from over 143 countries annually. Each year, WED has provided a new theme that major corporations, NGOs, communities, governments and all celebrities worldwide adopt to advocate environmental causes.

Types of Environmental Pollution

Environmental pollution is usually thought to be a reference to air pollution. However, it is a general term used to refer pollution occurring in air, soil and water as well as other forms of pollution such as the ones caused due to heat, light, radioactive materials and noise.

Causes of Environmental Pollution

Industrial waste

The waste generated from different industries is a major cause of water, air and soil pollution.

The chemical waste from industries contaminates the water to such an extent that there have been instances wherein some regions of the world, people suffer from specific diseases due to the presence of contaminated water around them.

Also, smoke or harmful gases such as sulphur, nitrogen and carbon released as residues from the industries get mixed with air and contaminate it.


Use of vehicles has become rampant and there has been a massive growth in the last decade. Though the use of vehicles has benefited us in a larger way, the emissions from the vehicles have led to a massive increase in air pollution.

In fact, many cities in the world have been forced to chalk out strategies such as odd and even, where vehicles ply on odd or even days based on their registration numbers just to curb the growing air pollution in such cities.

Also, the immense use of petroleum fuels has led to the depletion of fossil fuels from the soil further depleting the resources available to mankind.

Agricultural Waste

Due to the ever-growing population, the demand for agricultural products has increased manifold. This has led to the rampant use of pesticides and chemicals in order to increase the productivity.

However, this practice has its share of effects on the environment. For instance, the cotton belt of Punjab in India has been boon for the cotton industry, but at the same time, people living in this region have been found to suffer from different forms of cancer due to the large use of pesticides and chemicals in this area.


Population overgrowth and technology advancements have all led to the increase in demand for resources for optimum survival.

However, we must not forget that the environment has been forced to pay a huge price for the same and we all should be responsible enough to do our bit in order to curb the ever-increasing environmental pollution or else, it may be difficult for future generations to even survive on this planet. 

Pollution is nothing but the resources we are not harvesting,
We allow them to disperse because we’ve been ignorant of their value.

Essay On Environmental Pollution In 500 Words


India is the second most populous country in the World and home to over 1.3 trillion people. It is a land of gorgeous and spectacular landscapes, abundant natural resources, and one of the most sought after holiday destination.

But the biggest concern of today’s time is the grave challenge of large-scale environmental pollution faced by the country.

Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC) has stated India as the world’s second most polluted country in the world.

The horrendous condition of environmental pollution in the country has resulted in the shortening the life of an average Indian’s by over four years.

The Indian government has declared a state of emergency for environmental pollution in the urban areas.

Scientists from India’s most renowned cancer institute unconcealed awful statistics that approximately half of the school going children in Delhi are growing up with the irreversible lung impairment condition.

The level of dangerous and toxic pollutants in the air, water and soil has gone way above the safe limit. Heavy industrialization, urbanization and some age old practices like burning agricultural waste have equally contributed to the miserable environment condition in India.

Factors of Environmental Pollution

1. Air pollution

New Delhi, the capital of India, made global headlines recently when it turned up in the top 10 most-polluted places on earth.

Supreme Court of India has imposed a ban on old petrol and diesel vehicles in Delhi. Despite numerous efforts by the government to manage polluting emissions from the industries and use alternate traffic mechanisms, the air condition continues to deteriorate.

The major sources of air pollution are traffic, power plants, industry, burning waste, cooking using wood and charcoal. Emission of greenhouse gasses poses a real time threat to the concentration of toxic elements in the air.

2. Soil pollution

As the industrial sector in India is witnessing a prolific growth. As a result soil pollution is becoming a major concern in all parts of the country.

Soil pollution poses an alarming threat to agricultural productivity, food safety, and human health. The area of fertile land is deteriorating every passing day by the use of chemicals for gaining better produce.

The growth of cities in India has used soil as a sink for perpetually greater amounts of municipal waste. Cities like Bangalore & Chennai, famously called the IT hubs of the country are facing a grave issue of large amount of e-waste piled in the dump yards.

Large amount of land is wasted as dumping grounds both within and at the outskirts of cities. These dumping grounds can be seen treated as pastures for cattle which can result in numerous health hazards.

3. Water pollution

In India, we are not new to water pollution. Agriculture is the prime necessity for the country and apparently environmental impact on the climate has hugely affected the monsoons.

Huge amount of waste, including metals like lead, toxic chemicals coming from Industries is dumped in rivers and water-bodies.

The largest source of water pollution in India is the untreated sewage water. Some villages in India still practice defecation in the open which further pollutes the nearby water bodies.

Ganga and Yamuna are ranked amongst the top 10 the most polluted rivers in the world.

4. Noise pollution

Noise pollution is another burning issue of Modern India.

Traffic congestion on roads, maddening sounds of honking horns, factory sirens, shuddering sound of the running of machines and loud sound of loudspeakers majorly contribute to the tremendous increase in noise pollution.

Environmental pollution has resulted in the outbreak of so many health issues for an average Indian.

Measures taken

India signed the historic Paris climate agreement on 24th November 2017 along with 170 Nations at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. India has committed itself to the effective implementation of the Paris agreement on climate change.

Prime Minister of India Shri. Narendra Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron inaugurated Uttar Pradesh’s biggest solar power plant in Mirzapur district on 12th March 2018.

India has also signed an agreement with Germany on technical cooperation under the Indo-German Energy Program – Green Energy Corridors (IGEN-GEC).

The Indian government is taking serious steps to restore the sanctity of Ganga and Yamuna rivers by implementing the ‘Clean Ganga’, ‘Namami Gange’ and ‘Yamuna Cleaning Program’.

As plastic is a major pollutant, the State Government of Maharashtra has compete ban on plastics bags from 23rd June 2018.

The notification issued by the Maharashtra state government banned manufacturing, usage, sale, circulation and storage of plastic materials such as bags, spoons, plates and other disposable items.

The ban also includes packaging material and thermocol. However the plastic used for packaging of medicines and drugs, milk and treatment of solid waste is exempted from the ban.

Stringent laws are enforced to control Noise pollution.

World environment Day

World Environment Day (WED) is celebrated on 5 June every year, and is the United Nations’ principal vehicle for encouraging awareness and action for the protection of the environment.

First held in 1974, it has been a flagship campaign for raising awareness on environmental issues emerging from marine pollution, human overpopulation, and global warming, to sustainable consumption and wildlife crime.

World Environment Day has grown to become a global platform for public outreach, with participation from over 143 countries annually.

Each year, WED has provided a new theme that major corporations, NGOs, communities, governments and all celebrities worldwide adopt to advocate environmental causes.

Conclusion on Environmental Pollution Essay In English

One cannot deny that the polluted environment in urban India is a ticking time bomb. Prolific industrialization for growth of the National economy has apparently put at risk even a breath of fresh air in the Indian cities.

Lack of public participation in the implementation of stringent laws to fight environmental pollution is another huge concern. The public health in India is at serious risk.

The Indian government is working to implement the solutions on a larger canvas, for example, switching to clean energy, regulations to reduce the emissions of harmful pollutants, and campaigning to spread acquaintance about the adverse effects of environmental pollution. 

We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us,
When we see land as a community to which we belong,
we may begin to use it with love and respect.

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