7 New* water Pollution Essay With Speech & Water Act 1974

Water Pollution Essay
Water Pollution Essay

Water Pollution Essay In English 50 Words

  1. The meaning of Pollution is Dirt, Impure, or Defect.
  2. Polluting means making something impure.
  3. Pollution is damaging our mother earth in various ways.
  4. There are mainly three types of pollution- air pollution, water pollution, and pollution.
  5. Pollution spread various disease across the world.

Water Pollution Essay In English 100 Words (Water Pollution Essay 100 Words)

  1. The meaning of Pollution is Dirt, Impure, or Defect.
  2. Polluting means making something impure.
  3. Pollution is damaging our mother earth in various ways.
  4. There are mainly three types of pollution- air pollution, water pollution, and pollution.
  5. Pollution spread various disease across the world.
  6. When impure and harmful gases pollute the air, it is called air pollution.
  7. When contaminated substances mix in the water, it is called water pollution.
  8. Pollution is dangerous to the life of Humans.
  9. Deforestation must be avoided to control pollution.
  10. Planting more and more trees benefits the environment.

Short Essay On Water Pollution 150 Words (Water Pollution Essay In English 150 Words)

Water pollution is a serious environmental issue. Water is said to be polluted if its physical, biological, and chemical properties are deteriorated via anthropogenic and natural activities.

Water pollution has affected the lives of humans and animals in all aspects. Water pollution is very hazardous to the environment.

We never know the worth of water till the well is dry.

The water we drink daily looks clean; however, it is contaminated with microscopic pollutants. Many families have installed water purifiers at home to ensure that their family members get to drink healthy water.

However, this will not help curb the water pollution problem on the global level. We should pledge not to pollute the water and preserve the natural reservoirs in order to curb water pollution.

A number of campaigns such as ‘clean Ganga’ are run by the government and NGOs that have helped enlighten the population about the issue.

More steps are required to be taken to ensure an adequate level of clean and pollution-free water for the survival of life on the planet.

Water Pollution Essay In English 200 Words

Water pollution has become a continuous threat and issue on Earth and affects all animals and humans majorly in all aspects.

Water pollution is the contamination and accumulation of toxic elements and impurities in water generated due to human activities. Water pollution is a serious problem threatening the world, and to find a solution, we will need first to find the source of origin.

Water pollution occurs through many sources such as agricultural, industrial, urban runoff, animal feces and carcass, leeching and landfill, and other human activities.

These activities are a result of human’s needs competition to take the top level.

Water is life’s matter and matrix,
mother and medium,
There is no life without water.

Water pollution also occurs due to natural causes like a tsunami, cyclone, earthquake, volcanic eruption, etc. Although humans do not control them, they cause little or very little damage to water compared to human activities.

Some irresponsible human activities contaminate water bodies, which are a source of drinking water for the residents.

Other activities such as bathing of domestic animals, washing clothes, dumping animal carcass and feces, and water bodies are other reasons for water pollution.

To stop water pollution, we need to control activities on a large and follow drastic changes in our habits to help us save water and Mother Earth.

250 Words Essay On Water Pollution


The consumption of water forms a large part of our physical health. Aside from this obvious fact, water is an important aspect of our ecosystem.

However, for water to perform its various functions, it has to be kept pure as contaminated water would lead to adverse environmental and health consequences.

Water pollution is the introduction of foreign material into our water bodies like lakes, streams, rivers or groundwater.

This introduction, 9 times out of 10 is usually a result of human interference. Through various activities, sometimes inadvertently, we pollute our ecosystem with toxic materials dumped into our water.

Causes of Water Pollution

One of the most popular features of water is also the cause of water pollution. Water is a “Universal Solvent” which simply means that it can dissolve almost any substance.

Consequently, it is also why toxic substance mixes with water effortlessly. These toxic materials could be from traceable sources such as factories, farms, sewage etc.

They are sometimes less traceable sources such as pollution in the air.

Water Pollution Effect on our Environment

The first organisms that come in contact with polluted water are creatures living in the water. The effect of water pollution on aquatic animals depends on the kind of material introduced into the water.

In extreme cases, it can lead to death of aqua species. It can also lead to a serious disrupting of the food chain. Finally, water pollution can lead to serious diseases in humans such as cholera and hepatitis.


Water pollution is also posing a real time threat to the health condition of the Indian people who consume contaminated water.

To curb water pollution all the laws and regulations implemented by the government will be a futile practice without active participation of the local people.

It is the responsibility of every citizen to contribute in conserving water bodies and keep them pollution free.

Water and air,
the two essential fluids on which all life depends,
have become global garbage cans.

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Water Pollution Essay In English 300 Words


India is a country enriched by majestic Ocean bodies, gigantic rivers, mammoth waterfalls and beautiful lakes.

Unfortunately, these beautiful water bodies are getting polluted due to heavy industrialization and urbanization in India. Water pollution in the country is resulting a havoc in the lives of common people.

Speech on Water Pollution

Water pollution is a very serious environmental issue that we are facing right now. Water gets polluted when the physical, biological and chemical properties deteriorate due to human activities. Further, water pollution is responsible for impacting the lives of humans and animals as well. It is extremely hazardous to the environment and must be curbed right away. You might think that the water you drink daily is clean but it contains pollutants. Thus, we need to adopt measures that will help prevent water pollution on a global level for a healthier lifestyle.

Causes & Effects of Water Pollution

Fresh water scarcity is a growing problem faced by Indian cities. Due to less rainfall places like Marathwada region in Maharashtra face severe drought conditions.

At the time of such calamitous conditions India must focus on saving the natural sources of water and especially fresh water from getting polluted. Let us discuss some the primary causes and effects of water pollution.

1. Sewage Water

A huge amount of garbage from households, agricultural lands and other commercial places is dumped into lakes and rivers.

These wastes contain harmful chemicals and toxins which creates poisonous water and damages the aquatic flora and fauna.

2. Polluted river banks

In the villages people go for defecation near the river bank. They wash clothes and cattle and pollute the rivers and lakes.

Every year massive piles of litter and solid waste are accumulated at the banks of the rivers and lakes during various festivals and celebrations.

3. Industrial Waste

The Industries hugely contribute to the pollution of water bodies. The industries at Mathura have caused nearly irreversible damage to the condition of river Yamuna.

A huge amount of industrial waste is also dumped in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal which has impaired the marine life.

4. Oil Pollution

Oil spilled from ships and tankers is hugely responsible for polluting the sea water. As the oil floats on the water surface, it prevents the flow of oxygen into the water and thus sabotages the life expectancy of marine animals and plants.

5. Eutrophication

Eutrophication is a process where an increased level of nutrients in water bodies results in growth of algae in water.

It depletes the oxygen in water. This destructively affects water quality, fish and other aquatic inhabitants.


In conclusion, water pollution has effects on the general economy and prevention methods should be initiated.

Prevention strategies should involve strict policies that govern the discharge of untreated wastes into water bodies and the development of adequate sewage systems.

The government should also look into the issue of water security and ensure that there is adequate water for all citizens through effective planning and management.

Pollution is nothing but the resources we are not harvesting,
We allow them to disperse because we’ve been ignorant of their value.

Water Pollution Essay Video

Water Pollution Essay 1000 Words


Water pollution can be said to mean the contamination of bodies of water largely due to human activities. Examples of water bodies include rivers, lakes, groundwater, aquifers and oceans.

Water pollution occurs when contaminants are added to the water bodies. In other words, water is said to be polluted when it is adulterated due to anthropogenic contaminants.

Water that is polluted due to contaminants is not fit for human use like drinking.

Water pollution is a worldwide problem that requires serious evaluation of various policies in water resources. Water pollution can be classified into marine pollution, surface water pollution and also nutrient pollution.

Water pollution sources can either be non-point sources or point sources. Point source as the name indicates has just one cause of pollution that is identifiable such as wastewater treatment facility, storm drain, or stream.

Non- point pollution sources are quite diffuse and an example is the runoff from agriculture. Pollution is a result of a cumulative effect with respect to time.

Water act 1974

Water Act 1974 aims to prevent and control water pollution. Under Water Act, 1974, pollution control boards were created, who are responsible for implementation of its provisions. One of the important provision of the Water Act, 1974 is to maintain and restore the ‘wholesomeness’ of our aquatic resources. Under Water Act 1974, Sewage or pollutants cannot be discharged into water bodies including lakes and it is the duty of the state pollution control board to intervene and stop such activity. Anyone failing to abide by the laws of under is liable for imprisonment under Section 24 & Section 43 ranging from not less than one year and six months to six years along with monetary fines.

Types of water pollution

Surface water pollution has pollution of lakes, rivers and oceans as examples and is basically of water bodies that are open. Marine pollution is a sub-category of surface water pollution.

It is the introduction of contaminants or their entry into large water bodies. Rivers are means by which seas are polluted due to rivers emptying into seas.

A typical example is the discharge of industrial waste and sewage into the ocean and this is very common in nations that are just developing.

Groundwater pollution is also known as groundwater contamination and there are slight relationships between surface water and groundwater.

Groundwater is quite exposed to contamination from some sources that are not contaminants for surface water. It is important to note that the difference between point and non-point sources is quite irrelevant.

Classification of pollution sources

Surface water and groundwater, even though they are separate resources are interrelated. It is surface water that percolates into the soil and it becomes groundwater.

Also, groundwater can become surface water by feeding water bodies. Sources of water pollution are classified into two categories based on the origin.

Point source water pollution is contaminants that enter a water body through an identifiable and single source like a ditch or a pipe.

A point source includes industrial storm water, storm sewer systems of municipals, and discharge from a sewage treatment facility, a factory or even a storm drain in the city.

Non-point source pollution is contamination that is not originated from just one single source. This form of pollution occurs from the agglomeration of little quantity of contaminants collected from a huge area.

A typical example is the process of leaching of compounds of nitrogen from agricultural fields that are fertilised. 

Effects of Water Pollution

The first and foremost effect of water pollution is water scarcity. The polluted water is highly unfit for the use of humans and will need processing.

Some toxins in the water can enhance the growth of aquatic weeds while killing the major aquatic life. This causes an ecological niche and imbalance in the ecosystem.

When the aquatic weeds grow in excess, they can clog the water canals, quickly dissolve oxygen, and can also block the light rays into deep water.

As a result, this process kills almost all the aquatic animals. The introduction of toxins in the food chain of the aquatic ecosystem can also affect the humans who consume the fish and other animals.

Some of us believe pollution is an inevitable result of human activity: we also tend to argue that if we opt for urbanization with ultra-modern resorts and cities, some extent of pollution is sort of sure to result.

In alternate words, pollution could be a necessary evil that we all should place up with if we need to form progress. As luck would have it, not everybody agrees with this point of view.

One reason individuals have woken up to the matter of pollution is that it brings prices of its own that undermine any economic edges that crop up by polluting.

Water Pollution is now an important trouble that needs an immediate solution as it affects the ecosystem that we depend on. This can never be distanced as we are a part of the environment.

Sources of contaminants

The particular type of contaminants that lead to pollution of water includes quite a wide range of pathogens, chemical and physical changes including discoloration and temperature elevation.

Even though a number of the substances and chemicals that go under regulation occur naturally (calcium, manganese, iron, sodium, etc.) it is the concentration that determines what level is contamination and what level is a natural water component.

It should be noted that negative impacts can arise from a high concentration of substances that occur naturally.
Substances that deplete oxygen can be materials that occur naturally like plant matter (e.g., grass and leaves) and also chemicals that are man-made.

Other anthropogenic and natural substances may lead to turbidity which disrupts growth of plants by blocking light and blocks the gills of a few fish species.

The alteration of the physical chemistry of water includes electrical conductivity, acidity (pH change), eutrophication and temperature.

Eutrophication is basically the concentration increase of chemical nutrients of an ecosystem to a level that causes an increase in the primary productivity in the ecosystem.


Pathogens are microorganisms that cause diseases. Waterborne diseases can be produced by pathogens in either animal or human hosts.

A popular indicator of water pollution is Coliform bacteria; it does not cause any disease but is a good bacterial indicator.

Poor onsite systems of sanitation (pit latrines, septic tanks) or insufficiently treated sewage can result in high pathogens levels.

Older cities have ageing infrastructures that may include sewage collection systems (valves, pumps, pipes) that are leaky and can lead to overflow of sanitary sewers.

There are also combined sewers that sometimes discharge sewage that is untreated during storms. Poor management of livestock operations is also a major cause of pathogen discharges.

Inorganic and organic substances

Inorganic and organic matter can also be contaminants. A lot of chemical substances are very toxic. Examples of water pollutants that are organic include: waste from food processing, detergents, herbicides and insecticides, by-products of disinfection, petroleum hydrocarbons, drug pollution, etc. examples of water pollutants that are inorganic on the other hand include: ammonia, fertilizers, acidity, chemical waste, heavy metals and silt.

Pollution Control

Municipal waste water treatment

Sewage is basically treated by sewage treatment plants that are centralised.

Safely managed and on-site sanitations

If a household or business is not covered by a municipal waste treatment facility, there may be need for separate septic tanks that gives first treatment to the wastewater and infiltrates the wastewater into the ground. If this is not carefully and properly done, it can cause groundwater pollution.

Industrial wastewater treatment

Most industrial facilities churn out a lot of wastewater that is quite like domestic wastewater and can also be treated by wastewater treatment plants. Some industries generate wastewater with very high concentration of nutrients like ammonia, toxic pollutants (e.g., organic compounds that are volatile, heavy metals), organic matter (e.g., grease and oil), need extra and well suited treatment systems.


Water is a very important resource to the survival of human race and covers more than 70% of the surface of the earth so it is crucial that we look into the study of water.

Water pollution harms this important resource by making it unfit for human use and invariably causes harm to human health and the environment if proper measures are not taken to battle water pollution.

We still have too much air and water pollution and we still need to work to reduce it,
But we also need to put the problem of pollution into a historical as well as scientific perspective.

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